7 common diseases in the elderly that must be watched out

When entering the elderly age Of course, there will be many changes at this age, including mental, emotional, and physical changes that may deteriorate unlike in adolescence. which when the body’s functioning deteriorates It opens the way for various diseases. Easy to enter No matter how well you take care of yourself But the matter of illness at this age is quite difficult to avoid. Therefore, protection and observing symptoms early on is important to lead to timely care and can reduce the severity of the disease There are many diseases in the elderly, but there are 7 diseases that are common in the elderly that should be monitored.

1. Diseases of the nervous system and brain

    Elderly people are at greater risk of developing brain diseases. The most common brain diseases include ischemic stroke. and Alzheimer’s disease, which has the following causes:

  • Coronary artery disease. With age, blood vessels deteriorate. The inner surface of the blood vessel wall may become thicker or harder due to the presence of fat or tartar. This causes the blood vessels to narrow, resulting in less blood flowing. It is more common in elderly people who have high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, heart disease, stress, lack of exercise, and smoking.
  • Alzheimer’s disease. Dementia in the elderly is most commonly caused by Alzheimer’s disease. It is caused by the death of cells in the brain or cells in the brain that stop working. Therefore causing the brain function to worsen. If the brain deteriorates further or is not treated It will cause brain deterioration to occur quickly and severely. It can affect daily activities.

2. Ischemic heart disease

    This disease is caused by hardening of the blood vessels. Because there is fat accumulated in the inner walls of the blood vessels. Causes blood vessels to narrow or narrow. until blocking blood flow Affects the blood that goes to the heart muscle. causing ischemic heart disease to occur The risk factors include age, gender, and family history. Various risk factors It will come from daily life, food and lack of exercise as well.

3. Bone diseases

    Entering the elderly age The strength of the body’s health has decreased. especially “Strength of the bones”. Bone diseases that elderly people are at risk for include osteoporosis and osteoarthritis, which have the following causes.

  • Osteoporosis is a common disease in elderly women. There is an important cause of decreased hormonal function. Especially during menopause It is a condition in which the bones become less dense. Makes bones thin and brittle, breaking more easily Symptoms of this osteoporosis usually improve gradually. Happens without being noticed, such as feeling pain in the waist, back, or wrists, or starting to change your appearance, such as an arched back, slouched shoulders, or shorter stature, etc.
  • Osteoarthritis is caused by long-term use of the knee joint. Carrying too much weight It is more often found in elderly women than in men. Osteoarthritis is a disease caused by the degeneration of cartilage on the joint surface. The deterioration that has already occurred cannot be returned to its original state. But it will become more and more severe. If there is still behavior or using the knee joint as before without treatment The symptoms of this disease that are found are: Joint pain and swelling, joint stiffness, or abnormal bowed leg shape Can’t stretch your legs all the way Knee deformity or bowed legs

4. Eye disease

    In addition to the bones deteriorating The eyes of the elderly also deteriorate. Eye diseases that are common among the elderly include macular degeneration, cataracts, glaucoma, etc., although they are caused by many causes. and have different symptoms But the most common cause of eye disease is degeneration. Due to increasing age causes vision to decrease

5. Diabetes

    Another popular disease that is often found in the elderly. It is caused by a disorder in which the body does not produce enough of the hormone insulin. Have insulin resistance (rice, flour), protein and fat This causes the insulin hormone to be lacking or the insulin hormone to be less effective. The body cannot use blood sugar normally. Resulting in high sugar levels in the bloodstream. which if the sugar level is not controlled to normal Or if left untreated for a long time, complications may occur such as blurred vision, blindness, kidney deterioration, and numbness of the hands and feet. and may become infected easily

6. Kidney disease

    In the early stages of this disease, there are often no symptoms. But when the kidneys began to deteriorate more will act reduced and more waste accumulates Affects the function of various organ tissues. making it impossible to continue working normally Leads to chronic kidney failure. This eventually leads to treatment such as dialysis, hemodialysis, and kidney replacement. Symptoms of kidney disease such as fatigue, swelling, tiredness, high blood pressure, loss of appetite, abnormal urinary tract, etc.

7. High blood pressure

    As age increases, blood pressure will continue to rise. The chance of experiencing high blood pressure in the elderly is higher than in younger people. Including those who are overweight Or being in a state of obesity will cause the resistance of the blood vessels in the body to increase as well. Normally, the average person’s blood pressure must not exceed 120/80 – 139/89 millimeters of mercury. If there is more pressure than this will be classified as a person with high blood pressure This disease usually shows no abnormal symptoms. But sometimes if blood pressure rises very high, symptoms will appear such as severe headache, shortness of breath, dizziness, blurred vision. If left untreated for a long time, complications may occur such as heart disease, kidney disease, ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke causing paralysis, etc.

  As age increases, the risk of developing various diseases. also increased as well Taking care of yourself and taking care of those close to you will help seniors with these chronic diseases. can relieve illness and can make you have better health Importantly, regular health check-ups It will be a tool to prevent various diseases. that may crowd in

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